Cannabis grow room doesn’t come cheap, but it will bang your bucks with the results from a bountiful harvest.
A hobbyist should start slow, there are myriad factors to consider. Begin with a couple of weed boxes, test things out to gain experience on what works. You will encounter problems and find solutions as you scale the learning curve.
Remember, you are the farmer in your grow room, a rich yield lies in your hands.
From seedling up to the vegetative stage the cannabis plant needs 18 hours of light, 6 hours of darkness, and when it reaches the flowering stage, the plant should receive 12 hours of light, 12 hours of darkness. The grow room should be light-proof, any leakage will let natural light in and disrupt the dark hours. This will confuse plants and yield a low harvest.
It will be annoying for bright light to reach your room and keep you awake. Or the neighbors might notice that you grow cannabis and you might be the talk of the town.
When everything is set up do a light test, turn off the lights to check if the light from outdoors comes in. If there are cracks or holes patch these with light-proof tape.
Electrical equipment in the grow room has bright LED lights, like light leakage it will disrupt the growth cycle of the plant. Apply tape over any lights to ensure that the dark is dark.
An oscillating will circulate the air, moving air helps in growing thicker and healthy stems and stalks for maximum yields. A still setting has the unfavorable effect of hindering plant growth; stems are feeble, leaves will wilt, and adversely affect the plant’s production.
Installing an intake fan fetches fresh air bringing carbon dioxide, which is critical to
photosynthesis. The process of making food from light energy, carbon dioxide, and water. An exhaust fan discards spent air, heat, and foul odor.
Cannabis clones thrive well in temperatures between 70ºF – 80ºF (21ºC – 27ºC) when the lights are on. When the lights are out Fahrenheit should not go below 60 or above 90, exceeding the limits will either slow down growth, damage the plant, or perish. Adjust your mercury close to the light and dark periods.
Oscillating and exhaust fans should cover overheating. However, you might shell out some cash for a heater during the winter months.
Your hygrometer should be at 50%, the right reading for healthy, productive cannabis plants. If it’s too high molds and fungi will populate your plant. You can save your bucks from buying a dehumidifier by using sacks of silica that absorb moisture. Also, keep your solutions covered at all times to avoid the liquid from evaporating which will add to the humidity levels.
Wall and Floor
Sunlight gives all the light your cannabis plants need outdoors. For indoors you’ll get more light with reflective walls. The right reflection will give you 30% extra light that will bounce to your plant. That is a saving in electricity and from the purchase and maintenance of LED or HPS lighting. The walls should be near your cannabis plant light will get lost when the gap is farther. Paint your wall white because it absorbs heat and cleans easily. Flat wall paints are reasonable, efficient, no air pockets, and great reflectivity.
- Flat white latex (85-95 % light reflectivity)
- Panda Plastic (85-95% light reflectivity)
The floor must always be clean and sanitized. Avoid using carpet on your floor, it attracts insects and bacteria.
Bare concrete is porous and can deteriorate over time with exposure to moisture. It can contaminate the surroundings and put your plant at risk. Cover your concrete with vinyl flooring or apply a coating to protect the floor and hide any flaws.
A hobbyist with few plants can manually water the plants with a watering can with a mixture of water and nutrients. A trick to know whether your plant needs watering is by sticking a finger about 2 inches into the soil, if it’s wet hold back watering, if it’s dry it’s time to wet the soil.
The cannabis plant will sag the leaves and turn yellow or brown if under-watered. An overwatered plant will also sag, except that the dark green leaves will curl.
Always clear the floor from drips to control the humidity.
If you have more plants, you’ll need a drip irrigation system. It contains a reservoir, the main tube, and side tubes with a dropper for every plant. The grower will have good control of water and nutrients, and it is fully automated. However, if there is a malfunction all the plants will be directly involved.
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